3 Important Types of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

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Omega 3 fatty acids(essential fats) are the new superfood. They are known to have several benefits and are popular among doctors.

Eleven types of primary Omega-3 fatty acids exist. Three are considered the most important – ALA, EPA, and DHA.

The source of ALA is fruits and vegetables, meat and fish products are sources of EPA and DHA.

Now is your oppor-tuna-ty to get to know about the essential Omega-3s in great detail.


Why Omega-3s, and how do they function?

Omega 3 fatty acids are widely believed to be good for your overall health. The same is not valid for omega-3 fatty acids( or n-3) fatty acids. Human bodies can produce required fats from dietary fat intake and other raw materials. The body cannot synthesize these essential fats from scratch, and this is why you must take them through food and supplements.

Something that makes Omega-3 fatty acids unique is that they’re a fundamental part of the cell membranes of the human body. They also regulate how cell receptors inside the membrane function.

Cell membranes allow mobility of nutrients better and facilitate the exit of waste. Re-entering of debris is not permitted, and there’s only a smooth flow of nutrients across the membrane. Uninterrupted flow is possible because of its flexible and long structure.

In shorter terms, Omega-3 fatty acids provide fluidity, and they change the functioning and shape of cell membranes throughout the body.

Alpha-linolenic Acid (ALA)

Alpha-linolenic Acid

Alpha-linolenic acid is the most abundantly found omega-3 fatty acid in your food. It’s found in vegetarian food and is a crucial forerunner for EPA and DHA.

Meaning this acid can convert itself into the other two. However, this is not nearly enough. A minimal amount is processed into EPA and even less into DHA.

The amount that does not get processed and converted into either EPA or DHA gets accumulated in our bodies like any other kind of fat.

Some observation-based studies have been done to associate ALA-filled dietary regimes with a decreased threat of heart disease. Other studies showed a downside to this – a higher risk of prostate gland cancer.

This increment in prostate cancer was not related to the other principle omega-3 sorts, EPA and DHA, which appear to safeguard against this malignant growth.

ALA is discovered in tons of plant-based food assortments, including soybeans, walnuts, kale, spinach, purslane, and many seeds, for instance, chia seeds, flaxseeds etc. It furthermore occurs in a couple of animal fats.

Some seed oils, canola oil seeds, and flaxseeds are likewise high in ALA.


2. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)

Eicosapentaenoic acid

Your body utilizes eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to create flagging atoms called eicosanoids, which assume various physiological parts and diminish irritation.

Constant, negligent inflammation is known to drive a few typical sicknesses.

Different investigations demonstrate that fish oil that shows high concentrations of EPA and DHA can lower indications of depression. Some proof proposes that EPA is better than DHA in such a manner.

One review in menopausal ladies noticed that the EPA reduced their heat flashes.

EPA, as well as DHA, are generally obtained from fish, also fatty fish, and algae. Consequently, they get frequently called marine omega-3s.

EPA finds are most noteworthy in sea animals. Products from animals who had been fed grass, like dairy and meats, also contain some EPA.


3. Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)

Docosahexaenoic Acid

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a significant underlying part of your epidermis and the retinal part of your eyes.

Strengthening baby formula with DHA prompts further developed vision in newborn children.

DHA is crucial for brain improvement and function in adolescence, just as brain function in grown-ups.

Early-life DHA inadequacy is related to issues in adulthood, like learning incapacities, ADHD, and violent aggression.

A reduction in DHA in later life is additionally connected to debilitated brain function and the beginning of Alzheimer’s disease.

DHA might positively affect specific conditions, for example, joint pain, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and a few cancers.

Additionally, it can support heart well-being by lessening blood triglycerides and potentially your number of LDL (bad) cholesterol particles.

As referenced above, DHA is found in high sums of fish, including fatty fish and algae. Grass-fed animal items additionally contain some DHA.


Which omega-3 fatty acid is best? 

Which omega-3 fatty acid is best 

The most important omega-3 fatty acid is DHA.

It is, for the most part, obtained from this. Sources include fatty fish and algae, meat and dairy products, and omega-3-enhanced eggs.

On the off chance that you don’t eat a great deal of these food varieties, you might need to think about supplements.


Which omega-3 supplements are the best?

A daily fish oil supplement is likely an ideal decision for many people hoping to improve their well-being further.

In any case, remember that standard fish oil typically comprises something like 30% EPA and DHA, which implies 70% is different fats.

For best outcomes, search for brands that contain omega-3s as free fatty acids. You can likewise purchase supplements that have a higher centralization of omega-3s. EPA and DHA can be just about as concentrated as 90%. Triglycerides or phospholipids are suitable as well.


Some tips and warnings:

You should ensure that it says on the packaging what it contains for any supplement you buy. Keep your focus on the EPA and DHA content.

EPA and DHA are most frequently sourced from animal-related omega-3 items. Veggie lover choices are accessible, yet they typically hold back ALA. One exemption is algal oil, a phenomenal wellspring of value omega-3s and appropriate for everybody, including vegans.

It’s ideal for taking these supplements with a dinner that contains fat, as fat builds your assimilation of omega-3s.

Finally, remember that omega-3s are transient, very much like fish, so purchasing in mass is an impractical notion.

Omega-3 supplements might increase your risk of heart fibrillation, which weakens how your heart beats per second (cardiac arrhythmia). People with cardiovascular diseases should properly consult their doctors before taking any Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation dosage.

Fish oil has some well-known side effects, such as gas and indigestion. Suppose you get a fish oil supplement. Only buy tablets with coating.



1. Should I be worried about mercury in fish?

Mercury is a naturally occurring element in nature. Through the wind, it falls into the ocean and lakes, converting it into methylmercury. Too much methylmercury is terrible for your health. It’s specifically harmful to toddlers and fetuses. Women who are pregnant should stay away from fish.


2. What if I’m allergic or I don’t like fish?

Plenty of plants are good sources of ALA. Algae oil is a popular choice among vegans. Although, nothing is as rich as fish in omega-3 fatty acids. You can find non-allergenic supplements for fish.


3. Can I take Omega-3 fatty acids with zinc or vitamin C?

Fish oil and vitamin C, as well as zinc, have been found to have no harmful interactivity with each other. Still, you should consult your healthcare provider and tell them about any medicine you might be taking beforehand.


4. How much Omega-3 per day? 

Most sources and healthcare organizations agree that  250-500 mg of Omega-3 fatty acids should be taken daily.


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Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats, something that your body cannot synthesize on its own, so they fulfil that need through your dietary intake.

Fishes are highly rich in this nutrient as well as some plants. ALA can be sourced from plants, while DHA and EPA come from dairy and meat products. ALA can convert itself into the other two, but the conversion rate is a low 1.5.

These three most important Omega-3 fatty acids out of the 11 have countless health benefits. Some of these are arthritis relief, regulating brain function, reducing symptoms of depression, taking care of your heart, and lowering the risk of some types of cancer.

There are the food sources from which you can obtain Omega-3s-

  1. Fish and seafood.
  2. Nuts and seeds.
  3. Plant oils.
  4. Some berries
  5. Eggs.

And if none of these pleases your palate, consider asking your doctor for supplements.

Do you think you’ll be including Omega-3 fatty acids in your daily meals from now on? Let us know what you think in the comments.

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